cafe public intellectual

For Valentine’s Day

Have you thought about a nice activity to do on Valentine’s Week?  Why don’t you come over and spread the love by supporting our campus cats:)

pusa

PHILOPE Animal Masks Activity

This activity is always a hit:)

Guidelines for INTFILO Journal Entry

Go to Introduction to Philosophy page and download the guidelines for the 1st Journal entry.

Of Paradigm Shift and Resistance

A student shared that one of his takeaways from the lesson on paradigm shift is that he can transform his old worldview to something new after seeing things differently. and when one sees much more clearly, he or she cannot afford anymore to be just an observer or a fence-sitter when injustices are happening around them.  I truly admire this realization.

Yesterday, 500,000 women and men (and some children and animals)  took part in the Women’s March, a day after Trump’s inauguration.  And there were many more thousands of people around the world who joined them in solidarity. Trump is a bully, a misogynist, and a racist, but he has just been sworn in as the U.S. new president.  In his speech, he basically outlined his fascist regime.

But the people refuse and resist to allow Trump to get away with it.  Thus, the women’s march is much more than just refusing and resisting.  As my friend, Jason Craig Harris points out in his FB post:

People power. Dissent. Exercising democratic rights. Collective expression. Voice. Silent no more. Critical refusal. Awareness. Sustaining public consciousness. Vigilance. Advocacy. Intersectionality. Justice. Freedom.

Here are some pictures of the Women’s March from the New York Times.

To see differently; to acquire a higher consciousness; to transcend ultra-nationalism and become a citizen of the world—these are the challenges we are so ready to take on!

Philosophical ‘Drink’ for the Week: On Sexism and Gender Bias

My favorite feminist philosopher, Sally Haslanger shares her insight on the two words above.  Sexism and gender-bias are real because their effects are felt directly by those who have been untreated fairly just because they are women.  Some women are guilty of oppressing other women, too!  Dr. Haslanger helps out sort through some of the features, dynamics, and effects of sexism and gender bias:

On Sexism and Gender Bias:

Sally Haslanger
Ford Professor of Philosophy

“As long as ‘being presidential’ and ‘looking presidential’ are about being and looking masculine, we will be unable to address what is ripping us apart as a country.”

— Sally Haslanger, Ford Professor of Philosophy


Question
For the first time in history, a woman is a serious contender for the U.S. presidency. Based on your research, to what degree do you think gender bias and sexism have been factors in the 2016 election process? What is the single most important finding/perspective about gender attitudes that would be useful for an American voter to know?
It is hard to deny that some media outlets and news stories about the presidential election are sexist. That is to say, they unfairly devalue Hillary Clinton’s accomplishments, spread misinformation that is prejudicial, and hold her to different and higher standards than they hold Donald Trump, and do so because she is a woman. How might we support this claim? Must we show that particular journalists have sexist attitudes and these attitudes motivate their distortions? The quick answer is: No. Here’s some background to help identify the phenomenon of sexism and gender bias.

What is sexism?

“Sexism” is a term that applies to a set of practices, structures, institutions, or policies that unfairly or unjustly disadvantage women because they are women. They might exploit women’s labor, deprive women of power and autonomy, devalue women’s talents and abilities, or expose women to systematic violence, among other things. The practices need not be ones that target all women, but may target a subgroup, e.g., a sexist policy might specifically target poor women.

Sexism also takes different forms in different contexts and when aimed at different groups. Sexism toward women of color may involve policies designed to limit pregnancies, whereas sexism toward white women may involve policies encouraging them. “Sexist” applies to such practices, policies, and the like, and also to statements, ideas, and individuals who create, promote, or sustain sexism, whether intentionally or not. (See also Frye “Sexism,” 1983.)

So paying women less for comparable work is sexist because it exploits women’s labor. Advertising campaigns that represent women as interested primarily in what detergent brightens their whites are sexist because they misrepresent women’s interests and trivialize women’s abilities; they also assume, and so reinforce, what is often an unfair division of labor in the household according to which women are responsible for childcare, eldercare, and housework, and men are responsible for yard work and car repair. Comments or images that sexually objectify women are sexist because they sustain a culture in which sexual violence is normalized.

To read more, go to https://shass.mit.edu/news/news-2016-election-insights-sally-haslanger-gender-bias

 

Happy New Year!

new-year-new-beginning

May all your beautiful dreams come true!

Grades are Up!

For GENDERS students, please go to Introduction to Genders Page, click the blue link under 1st Term AY 2016-17 GENDERS Final Grade.  For PHILOPE students, please go to Introduction to Philosophy of the Person Page, click the blue link under 1st Term AY 2016-17 PHILOPE Final Grade.

Grade consultation tomorrow morning.  Please schedule below.

PHILOPE A54 20-Dec 0940-1000 M409 PERACULLO, JEANE
GENDERS V24 20-Dec 1000-1020 M409 PERACULLO, JEANE

Note that grade consultations will be about queries on grade computation and not on grade-begging.  Grade beggers will not be tolerated.

See you all tomorrow!

Excellent reflection on Philosophy of Work

Wonderful piece, Georgia Fernandez!

Philosophy of Work: Reflection Paper)

Just like Rihanna’s hit single, Work, this paper triumphed  in sending me back to reality – the verisimilitude of the academic life, the sober scent of papers and readings, the insomnolent nights and hence, the realm of legitimate “work”-  from the ostensible Utopia in Baler in which I, together with my colleagues, conducted a fieldwork for our majors class (Qualitative Political Analysis – QUALPOL / POLQUAL).

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Summary:

As Dr. Jeane Peracullo uttered in her opening remarks, the talk aims to celebrate the mundane everyday activity, specifically work, which is the core of being human. It transcends the values critical thinking and reflection not only in our academic life but also in everyday life as well. Three speakers from the philosophy department, Miss Hazel Biana, Mr. Ignacio Ver and Mr. Mark Dacela, spearheaded the big lecture.

For more, check out Georgia’s blog here.

Valedictory Speech of Ms. Pilar Hidalgo in 1910—a Year before the International Women’s Day was launched in 1911

Read the speech to be inspired by just how enormous the gains would be if we all put a premium to the value and contribution of Filipino women!

The Influence of the Filipina Women

1910apr-thefilteacher-pilarhidalgo

By Miss Pilar Hidalgo, Manila High School

At this time when the influence of the Filipino woman is being felt in public life, when she is beginning to take her place in the world of activity, and to realize the important part she holds, I thought it a most fitting opportunity to speak about the extent of her influence.

“It is true history records no Filipina name such as that of Julia Ward Howe whose influence has been felt along so many lines of humanity that it is difficult to dwell on any one specially, but who stands out among modern women as a beacon-light guiding her sex to higher and nobler lives; nor have we a Florence Nightingale whose devotion to suffering mankind is recognized throughout the whole Christian world, and who because of her noble work during the Crimean War stands as the very personification of self-sacrifice;  nor do the pages of our literature record a George Eliot whose stories have left their beautiful influence on countless lives of English-speaking people;  neither do we find gracing our walls productions from the artistic brush of a Rosa Bonheur whose paintings have a place among the masterpieces of the world.  But each Filipina is a queen in her own home whose gentle sway the tendency for good will ever thrive.

“There is no nobler work than that of a gentle wife and a good mother.  For hundreds of years the Filipina’s energy and soul have been devoted to the home.  There her influence has been strongly felt and immensely appreciated.  Rizal’s poems, tender and sad dedicated to her mother, give full utterance to that appreciation which other less gifted than he have kept within their heart.  What an affection must he have felt for his mother when in the solitude of a country far from home he wrote,

‘Sweet in one’s country it is to die,

Where e’en the sun greets from on high;

Dead are these tokens from above

To him without Mother, Country and Love’

“Times have changed; new fields of activity have been opened to women;  the home life no longer suffices;  ambition for a broader life has awakened in the bosoms of the Filipinas.

“I say it has awakened, because it has always been there though in a dormant state, pressed down by social conventions and hemmed in by mental bar[riers];  there are proofs of its existence in women who in spite of restrictions have given it an outlet.

“With pleasure I refer to the name of Margarita Roxas who donated the land and building so that the Concordia College might be established for the education of girls.  For two generations hundreds and hundreds of girls have entered that college and have gone out fitted to perform their duties.  Librada Avelino and Rosa Sevilla in their wish to uplift the minds of girls, founded the flourishing schools of Centro Escolar de Niñas and Instituto de Mujeres.  Petronila Sequia, seeing the pressing need of a hospital for cholera-striken people, willingly gave away her home just for the establishment of the Santiago Hospital from where men almost dead, have gone out, with hope and life renewed.

“And when some years ago the mortality of children in this city rose to alarming numbers, some thinking women saw that something had to be done to stop the merciless hand of Death.  They organized entertainments and raised subscriptions to found an institution having for its noble purpose the care of infants.  The people of Manila responded liberally to their call and the Proteccion de la Infancia came into existence.  At present, how many mothers owe the lives of their children to the able women in charge of this beneficent institution?  Its founders may well be satisfied with their work.  Nor have women been entirely wanting in the business world.

“The jewelry trade of the district of Sta. Cruz and the sinamay cloth industry whose market is principally in Binondo, have been entirely managed by women.

“Are these not convincing proofs of the ambition and ability of Filipina women? Are they not true testimonies that there is something great in them, considering the limited sphere in which they were permitted to work?  May we not hope from them greater accomplishments now that the most favourable circumstances surround them?  Yes, we may hope, and I am confident that there will be no disappointment.

“The barriers that were formerly raised against the education of women have been entirely removed; and instructions in all branches of learning has [sic] been extended to all ranks of female society.  The Filipinas are taking advantage of every opportunity offered to them to acquire knowledge.  Now that their minds are permitted to develop in the precincts and purposes are budding in their hearts.  [sic]

“At present, many girls are attending school, working and reciting with boys.  Their ability in the classroom compares well with the boys.  By perseverance, they make up for the possible lack of mental quickness characteristic of the boy’s mind, the only one permitted to develop for centuries.  They are preparing themselves carefully to be teachers, nurses, pharmacists, doctors, lawyers and good mothers.

“When the present generation of girls goes out into the world their influence will be felt far and wide not suddenly, perhaps, but by degrees.

“The teacher within the walls of her classroom will not only inculcate in her pupils the knowledge contained in the books but will also instill in their minds that love for work and punctuality in duty so necessary for wordly [sic] success.

“To-day we see hundreds and hundreds of poor families living in filthy low houses where the sunshine, that purifier of nature, hardly penetrates, where the damp, stifling air remains from day to day finding no escape through the closed windows, where one child after another dies for lack of good care. This is the great field of work for women nurses, pharmacists and doctors.

“Filipina girls, a voice is calling us to the assistance of the poor, to the mission of spreading among the destitutes of fortune the doctrine of good honorable living.  Let us respond to it and we shall find a noble life-work to do.

“The coming generation greatly depends upon the youth of the present one.  A great part of this responsibility weigh upon the girls.  Do you realize the weight of this responsibility?  Do you realize that weak mothers can not have strong intelligent children?  The importance of physical culture has never been rightly estimated by the women of this country.  If we want a strong race of Filipinos, if we want wise and intelligent citizens to make and obey better law, if we want vigorous and energetic men to cultivate and improve our material resources we must recognize the importance of physical exercise and l]]ay stress upon its fulfilment, because without health there can be neither happiness nor success.  Let us develop our bodies as well as our minds to as great a degree as possible so that if ever the cares of a home devolve upon us we shall be a source of help, comfort and happiness.

“Since our happy youth opens in an age which offers us all the opportunities of learning and renders ]accessible every field of activity hitherto closed to us, let us enter into the world with noble aims, let us strive and work with zeal and interest so that our influence will be felt not in the home alone but in the outside world as well;  that history may not say that we remain sleeping in the midst of the general awakening;  that its pages may record the names of some of us for having contributed to the welfare of our country in particular and of humanity in general.

“Teachers:  To you we owe the joy that we now feel;  to you we are indebted for the ability we now possess to pursue any course in life whether of study or of work;  under your able guidance we have acquired learning which will be of great and permanent value to us.  We are about to separate; we will travel on different highways, each of us where ambition points the way.  But before leaving you we wish to express to you our sincere appreciation and deep gratitude for your untiring interest and hard labours  Farewell teachers, farewell to you.

“To you under graduates [sic] who are to remain we bid adieu with the wish that you will work to keep up that school spirit which has won for the Manila High School cups, laurels and fame, and with the hope that some day each of you will receive with joy a diploma of your own.

“Classmates:  to-day for the last time we meet as a group of students.  Our duties to families and our country demand this separation and oblige us to face the responsibilities of life.  This is a crucial time in our lives.  When after our minds and bodies have rested from toil, we select the courses we shall pursue, let the selection be ruled by a purpose noble and pure; and the selection is made let us begin the journey with our class motto “Excelsior” engraved on our hearts.

“And now after wishing one another success and happiness after giving our alma mater our oath of loyalty, we say good  bye to our dear school and farewell to each other.”

Adapted from http://naquem.blogspot.com/search/label/Asociacion%20Feminista%20Filipina; accessed December 9, 2016

2016 World Economic Forum Report on Gender Gap Index

Congratulations, Filipinos for closing the gender gap on educational attainment, according to the 2016 World Economic Forum. It is a testament to the high regard we put on education. Sadly, this closing of gap has not happened yet on economic opportunity. My economics students are looking into how this could be achieved. See data:

wef_global_gender_gap_report_2016